Mexican American Educational Empowerment, 1968–1978
The word Aztlán, originally meaning the legendary ancestral home of the Nahua peoples of Mesoamerica, was adopted as a symbol of independence by Chicano/a activists during the movement of the 1960s and 1970s. In an era when poverty, prejudice, and considerable oppositional forces blighted the lives of roughly one-fifth of Arizonans, the author argues that understanding those societal realities is essential to defining the rise and power of the Chicano Movement.
The book illustrates how Mexican American communities fostered a togetherness that ultimately modified larger Arizona society by revamping the educational history of the region. The concluding chapter outlines key Mexican American individuals and organizations that became politically active in order to address Chicano educational concerns. This Chicano unity, reflected in student, parent, and community leadership organizations, helped break barriers, dispel the Mexican American inferiority concept, and create educational change that benefited all Arizonans.
No other scholar has examined the emergence of Chicano Movement politics and its related school reform efforts in Arizona. Echeverría’s thorough research, rich in scope and interpretation, is coupled with detailed and exact endnotes. The book helps readers understand the issues surrounding the Chicano Movement educational reform and ethnic identity. Equally important, the author shows how residual effects of these dynamics are still pertinent today in places such as Tucson.
“Since Chicano(a) studies is interdisciplinary, books in the field can be used by folks in the social sciences and humanities, as well as Latino(a), ethnic, and American studies. I have little doubt that other disciplines will see a use for this book.”—Michael Soldatenko, author of Chicano Studies: The Genesis of a Discipline
“Beyond producing an original and timely study, Echeverría has also gestured toward fertile ground for future students and scholars in Latino studies.”—Latino Studies
“Aztlán Arizona addresses an important gap in Mexican American/Chicano educational historiography.”—Southwest Historical Quarterly
“Echeverría’s Aztlán Arizona is both timely and needed.”—History of Education Quarterly
“Echeverría designed this book to fill a gap that exists in both the literature on Chicano movements in the United States and the literature on Arizona history, which prior to this volume mostly ignored the achievements of Arizonan-Mexican activists. He succeeds admirably in achieving this goal.”—Journal for Peace and Justice Studies