Green Neoliberalism, Gender, and Garifuna Resistance in Honduras
Employing approaches from feminist political ecology, critical race studies, and ethnic studies,Keri Vacanti Brondo illuminates three contemporary development paradoxes in Honduras: the recognition of the rights of indigenous people at the same time as Garifuna are being displaced in the name of development; the privileging of foreign research tourists in projects that promote ecotourism but result in restricting Garifuna from traditional livelihoods; and the contradictions in Garifuna land-rights claims based on native status when mestizos are reserving rights to resources as natives themselves.
Brondo’s book asks a larger question: can “freedom,” understood as well-being, be achieved under the structures of neoliberalism? Grounding this question in the context of Garifuna relationships to territorial control and self-determination, the author explores the “reregulation” of Garifuna land; “neoliberal conservation” strategies like ecotourism, research tourism, and “voluntourism;” the significant issue of who controls access to property and natural resources; and the rights of women, who have been harshly impacted by “development.” In her conclusion, Brondo points to hopeful signs in the emergence of transnational indigenous, environmental, and feminist organizations.
“A grounded, compassionate, incisive critique of the environmental and cultural effects of neoliberal policies on Afro-indigenous, resource-dependent populations of the Central American Caribbean coast.”—American Anthropologist
“Brondo’s discussion of the Garifuna’s ongoing identity formation in relation to land rights on regional, national, and international stages is fascinating.”—Latin American Politics
“Crucially, the text interweaves political, economic, critical race and ethnic studies, and gender analysis to provide a complex account of the impact of neoliberalism on Garifuna communities.”—Mark Anderson, author of Black and Indigenous: Garifuna Activism and Consumer Culture in Honduras
“An excellent analysis of Garifuna resistance to neoliberalism in Honduras with particular respect to land rights under tourism development and conservation strategies.”—Helen Safa, author of The Myth of the Male Breadwinner: Women and Industrialization in the Caribbean