The Neolithic Revolution in the Near East
Transforming the Human Landscape
Based on more than thirty years of fieldwork, this timely volume examines the Neolithic Revolution in the Levantine Near East and the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. Alan H. Simmons explores recent research regarding the emergence of Neolithic populations, using both environmental and theoretical contexts, and incorporates specific case studies based on his own excavations. In clear and graceful prose, Simmons traces chronological and regional differences within this land of immense environmental contrasts—woodland, steppe, and desert. He argues that the Neolithic Revolution can be seen in a variety of economic, demographic, and social guises and that it lacked a single common stimulus.
Each chapter includes sections on history, terminology, geographic range, specific domesticated species, the composition of early villages and households, and the development of social, symbolic, and religious behavior. Most chapters include at least one case study and conclude with a concise summary. In addition, Simmons presents a unique chapter on the island of Cyprus, where intriguing new research challenges assumptions about the impact and extent of the Neolithic.
The Neolithic Revolution in the Near East conveys the diversity of our Neolithic ancestors, providing a better understanding of the period and the new social order that arose because of it. This insightful volume will be especially useful to Near Eastern scholars and to students of archaeology and the origins of agriculture.
Winner of the G. Ernest Wright Award from The American Schools of Oriental Research
“An extremely readable work that introduces the main issues that currently engage researchers of the Near Eastern Neolithic and the cultures that preceded it.”—American Antiquity
“In this rich, highly readable volume, Alan H. Simmons draws on 30 years of archaeological experience to examine the origins of agriculture and pastoral economies in the Near East.”—Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics
“This volume contains a wealth of relevant data and useful references.”—Cambridge Archaeological Review