When Worlds Collide
Hunter-Gatherer World-System Change in the 19th Century Canadian Arctic
Max Friesen has adapted and expanded world-system theory in order to develop a model that explains how hunter-gatherer interaction networks, or world-systems, are structured—and why they change. He has utilized this model to better understand the development of Inuvialuit society in the western Canadian Arctic over a 500-year span, from the pre-contact period to the early twentieth century.
As Friesen combines local archaeological data with more extensive ethnographic and archaeological evidence from the surrounding region, a picture emerges of a dynamic Inuvialuit world-system characterized by bounded territories, trade, warfare, and other forms of interaction. This world-system gradually intensified as the impacts of Euroamerican colonial activities increased. This intensification, Friesen suggests, was based on pre-existing Inuvialuit social and economic structures rather than on patterns imposed from outside. Ultimately, this intense interacting network collapsed near the end of the nineteenth century. When Worlds Collide offers a new way to comprehend small-scale world-systems from the point of view of indigenous people. Its approach will prove valuable for understanding hunter-gatherer societies around the globe.
“This volume represents a real advance in the analysis of hunter-gatherer intersocietal interaction.”—American Antiquity
“Friesen’s exploration of the linkages between social organization, world view, economy, technology, environment and landscape as they relate to the evolving world system of the Inuvialuit is broad in scope and a major contribution to Arctic scholarship.”—Canadian Journal of Archaeology
“Friesen presents an important and powerful demonstration of an archaeological scientific hypothesis-testing methodology, and he provides an excellent example of a problem-oriented approach to archaeological practice. It should receive attention beyond the confines of its regional content precisely for its rigorous theoretical approach.”—Stephen Loring, co-editor of Honoring Our Elders: A History of Eastern Arctic Archaeology